Scientific Basis of Injury Prevention and Control
a public health problem of major importance. Throughout the world, it
is a leading cause of death and disability, and global burden of disease
projections indicate that the problem is worsening. But injury is a preventable
injury-related harm, the science that underpins potential solutions must
first be understood. In this book, the science that is used to conceptualise
the problem of injury and provides a basis for attempts to minimise injury-related
harm is introduced.
24 chapters, by 38 specialist contributors, are organised into 5 sections.
- In Section
I the public health problem of injury is introduced. An historical
perspective on injury is offered. An answer to the question, why
bother preventing injury is provided. Tools for how solutions
might be thought about are provided. A model for injury causation from
the perspectives of epidemiology, biomechanics, engineering, sociology,
and psychology is described.
II focuses on measurement and classification, tools for visualising
the nature and extent of injury. Commonly-used injury classification
systems and clinical scoring systems are described. Injury outcome measurement
and injury surveillance are explained. Sources of error, and how errors
might be minimised, are outlined
Section III risk factors are defined in the context
of the injury models that were introduced in Section I. Epidemiological,
biomechanical, and ergonomic approaches to risk factor identification
IV focuses on how interventions and countermeasures are developed,
implemented, and evaluated. Epidemiological, biomechanical, and behavioural
sciences approaches are discussed. Acute care management and rehabilitation
of injury are outlined.
- The science
of implementation is the focus of Section V: how countermeasures
might best be delivered to a target population. Chapters focus on policy
development, law and regulation, advocacy, social marketing, behaviour
change programs, community-based programs, program evaluation, and economic
Injury is not a simple problem; it does not have simple solutions.
However, reduction in injury-related harm experienced by the community
is possible. By application of the scientific disciplines to the problem
of injury we can achieve solutions to this public health problem.
Published, October, 2004, 245 x 170mm.
424 pages. Includes Index and Bibliography.
Paperback. ISBN: 0-9578617-9-6. $75.00.